At the front line, while women, for the first

At the start of World War II the American people had a sense of unity. Men chose to leave their jobs and families to join the front line, while women, for the first time, were leaving the home and taking over those jobs that their husbands left behind. In 1943, many magazines chose to paint a picture of women hard at work. These articles focused their stories on working women, and glamorized the untraditional jobs they held. They thought perhaps, that if they made these smaller, hard working jobs exciting, and noble, that more women would begin to join the work force. For this reason, the media created a fake working woman named Rosie the Riveter, and she was illustrated as a hero for American women. These efforts to pull women into working through magazines worked, more than six million women joined the workforce during war. Therefore, magazines helped to paint a picture of the average women taking a hard working wartime job, and at the same time advertised for other women to do the same.Magazines in 1943 provided articles of women hard at work during war. They were also written as an attempt to pull in other women to work, and help with the wartime efforts. In the scholarly article Rosie the Riveter Remembers, they touched base on these wartime women workers, and interviewed some of the women that had worked as “Rosies”. The article explained that during the war the media, as well as the government both set in motion a movement to help inspire women to back the war effort by taking a war job. The same women that at the time of the Great Depression were advised that they should not seize jobs from men. However, over 6 million women had entered the work force for the first time by the end of World War II. To stress the amount of women that began to work for the war effort, the article provided the statistic that in 1920, women made up 20% of the workforce, and by 1945, women made up 35% of the workforce. A handful of women that began working during World War II to help the war effort were interviewed in Rosie the Riveter Remembers. The first woman interviewed was Inez Sauer, a chief clerk in a toolroom. She explained that when the war started she was thirty-one years old, and she had never worked a day in her life. She was the mother of two young boys, aged twelve and thirteen, and a six year old daughter. When the war began her husbands rubber-matting store went out of business due to the war restrictions on rubber. She saw an ad in a Seattle newspaper that companies needed women workers to help the war effort, and the newspaper stated, ‘Do your part, free a man for service’. Again, another reassurance that newspapers and magazines were drawing women into the workforce to help with the war. Sybil Lewis was a black arc welder during World War II, and she also decided to take the job when she saw a newspaper advertisement to train women for defense work. She explained that she riveted small airplane parts, and worked in a pair. It was her, the riveter, who shot rivets with a gun through metal and fastened it together, and the bucker, who used a bucking bar on the metal to smooth out the rivets that she had shot in; she admitted that bucking was a harder job than riveting. The last woman interviewed, Frankie Cooper was a crane operator, and she stressed the idea that women joined the war movement to help the men fighting overseas. She explained that during the war, inside the plant everyone pushed and gave everything they had, because they wanted to. They all pushed through and went to work even if they did not feel well, because they were thinking of the men overseas and how hard they were working for their country. In the scholarly article American Women in a World at War, the authors read 30 thousand letters written by over 1500 women during World War II. Many of the letters were women writing to their husbands or sweethearts overseas. They wrote to them about such topics as the stress of both raising children and working a war job, or how scared they were to lose their loved one to battle. The article explained that due to the over 16 million men serving overseas, the need for women to work was in high demand, and the women entering the warfare increased significantly. Inside of the letters women told their loved ones just how proud they were to work for the war effort, and were often excited about the independence and responsibilities that came with their job. Magazines throughout 1943 depicted scenes of women hard at work, hoping to draw in new women workers. In the September 1943 issue of Good Housekeeping, there was an article titled “I Looked Into my Brother’s Face”. This article featured a painting of a beautiful woman wearing a green uniform, and holding a combat helmet. Behind her was an army plane, and an army ambulance. The article was written from the woman’s point of view, and she explained how she was a war nurse, and her brother came into her hospital wounded, and suddenly she began to think back to their childhood. She said she had seen her share of war, wounded soldiers, and bombings because that was her job as a war nurse. However, when someone you love gets hurt the war would hit home, and you would begin to realize why you were working for the war effort. She was working to make sure that Americans got to live and grow up the same way her and her brother got to, to make sure that they would come home to the same America they had always known and lived in, where everyone could live their lives with kindness, security, and peace. The article ended with the woman saying that is why her and her brother were fighting, and that everyone reading should keep it America the way they left it until they arrived back home. This article may have encouraged many women to join the war effort back home. After reading this, women may have felt the need to help keep America the way it always was, like the nurse was asking. Or, perhaps, they felt guilty sitting at home not doing much towards the war effort, while women like this nurse were hard at work overseas dealing with bombings and death day after day. Besides nurses, other women’s jobs that were shown in magazines in 1943 included riveters, and agricultural workers. The Life Magazine issue published March 15,1943 included an article titled From Alice… to Eddie… to Adolf!. Inside this article was a painting of a pretty, young woman drilling into steel. The article began explaining that Alice was hard at work drilling into a new plane,for her boyfriend Eddie to fly. She remembered the house Eddie promised her they would someday have before he left for the war; they could have that home now if it was not for Adolf she thought. The article explained that these types of stories are the ones that drive women to help produce planes, tanks, guns, and ships that America was then pouring forth. During the war millions of Americans turned their skills into wartime production. On top of this, to help win everyone would willingly drive slower in order to save tires and gas, and buy stamps, and war bonds as well as conserve metal, clothing, and food. It ended with “For this is every American’s war… Alice’s, Eddie’s, yours, ours. On one point we are all resolved: it won’t be Adolf’s” This article is encouraging women to take war jobs to help beat Adolf. If they are unable to take a war job, then the article suggests they drive less, buy war bonds, or conserve household items to help end the war sooner. The July 19,1943 Life magazine featured a woman Air Force Pilot on the cover. An article inside was titled, Girl Pilots, and touched base on women pilots in the Air Force. It began by explaining that the old belief that army flying was only for men was long gone. Every month it explained, many women finished their training in Texas, and went to relieve fighting men for combat duty. The article included many photographs of women studying, working hard, and dressed up and ready to fly. This article probably encouraged many young women to up and move to try to join the Air Force, and help with the war effort. It was a big deal to see women relieving men for combat duty. Another issue of Life magazine published on August 9, 1943 included a photo of a woman in overalls hard at work, drilling into an airplane part. The article published inside, Women in Steel are Handling Tough Jobs in Heavy Industry, was about just that, hard working Rosies in the Steel industry. It began by explaining that since the start of the war, many American women had begun to acquire jobs that were traditionally held by men. It stated, “In 1941 only 1% of aviation employes were women, while this year they will comprise an estimated 65% of the total”. Included were numerous amounts of photographs of women dangerously working hard at their factory jobs. The article explained that in the Gary steel mill, women were working as packers and shippers, welders, crane operators, billet operation helpers, furnace operators, tool machinists, laborers, engine operators, draw-bench operators, electrical helpers, grinders, oilers, coil tapers, foundry helpers, checkers, loaders, metallurgical helpers, painters, cleaning and maintenance workers, and the list went on and on. Many women reading this magazine were most likely influenced by this article, and stepped up and took a war job to help with the wartime effort. In the September 27, 1943 Life magazine issue, there was an interesting article titled Life Visits the Harvesters of America. This article discussed both men and women who were working hard for their country in the agricultural sector. The article explained that novice women workers helped to save the crops. It explained that the US Crop Corps came together to help fill in the holes that were missing when 3,000,000 farm workers left for war. One branch of the organization, called the Women’s Land Army had over 50,000 members. This article showed that women were willing to working in all sectors to help with the war effort. In hopes to encourage women to step up and fill the shoes of the men of America that left for duty, newspapers and magazines included articles and advertisements of women hard at work in all sectors. From nurses on the home front, to riveters working in factories, women came together and worked hard in hopes of beating Adolf, and having their men arrive home safely. The two scholarly articles discussed provided women’s words on the wartime effort. The first article, Rosie the Riveter Remembers, interviewed women that worked for the war effort, and most found their jobs in newspaper advertisements asking women to take a job, and help with the war effort. The second article, American Women in a World at War, looked at and discussed letters written by women during the Second World War. This article made it clear that women told their loved ones just how proud they were to hold a job of their own, and help the men overseas work toward winning the war. As for the five articles discussed from magazines, the first article was from a war nurse’s prospective, and she finally understood that she was working for American’s to keep their way of life. The second article was a young woman building a plane for her boyfriend in the Army to fly, to help beat Adolf, and have him arrive home safely. The third article discussed women in the Air Force taking over jobs of men, and helping the country significantly. The fourth article touched upon women working in factories in bad conditions, and unsafe working conditions to help create airplanes, cars, and other objects needed for the men overseas. The fifth and final article discussed, spoke about women taking jobs as harvesters for all the farmers that left to join the war, even though they had never had any experience in farming. All of these women took a stand, and chose to join a war job in hopes to help their country win the World War. On top of this, these articles also inspired other women to do the same. Thanks to magazines and newspapers of the time encouraging women to work, over 6 million women joined the workforce and helped to bring our countries men home safely.

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