In contemporary era, the term
“globalization” has been widely used across the globe. With the presence of
globalization, many countries have changed their strategies of relations to
adapt to this new environment including China and The United States. These two major powers
are seen to be potential rivals in this globalized world. However, having
proved by recent positive bilateral relations, it is believed that conflicts
including military confrontation between the United States and China, to a
great extent, have been reduced and replaced by more comprehensive cooperation.
This essay will examine the U.S.-China relations in recent years by
highlighting both conflicts and cooperation in various areas through bilateral
and international frameworks. Then it will evaluate whether or not the
globalization has an impact on the decrease in military conflicts between the
US and China, their relations during this inter-connected era have experienced
some situations which challenge each other.
of their main conflicting aspects is economic competition.
major issue is influence race on international stage.
final aspect is military confrontation.
………The above findings seem that the United
States and China have not changed their original perspectives of seeing each
other as rivals. However, it is more likely to be true that both countries have
changed the game from zero-sum to win-win strategies in this globalized world.
For the United States and China, cooperation is considered to be crucial
strategy that both countries should use.
are several cooperation frameworks that promote U.S.-China relations in the era
of globalization. One of fundamental cooperation mechanisms is bilateral
relations including economic and political cooperation. Mastanduno (2007)
agrees that economic cooperation between the United States and China is crucial
for promoting peace and ensure the stability of world politics. Mill (cited in
Armstrong, Farrell & Lambert, 2012, p. 89) also sees the positive impact of
economy on peace and stability. He says ‘it is commerce which is rapidly
rendering war obsolete’. In addition, Garret (2006) agrees that new cooperation
frameworks including Sino-American ties may enable both countries to become
strategic partnership in the long run. However, he expresses his concern over
possible conflicts that might happen if China wants to reduce U.S. influence in
East Asia. In the same way, Daojiong (2017) also sees no much improvement in bilateral
relations between the United States and China under Trump’s presidency. He
suggests that in order to play more crucial role in global leadership, both
countries should introduce new long-term mechanism for sensitive issues, for
example, in terms of Taiwan, North Korea and East Asia related issues. In
contrast to Garret’s and Daojiong’s perceptions, Womak (2016) argues that the
United States and China may not want to fight against one another and
cooperation is a key element that benefits both countries.
b. Another framework is that both countries
have common international responsibilities to take (i.e. respect international
laws, non-interference, disbarment, denuclearization…)
c. The final aspect is that the United
States and China share common issues that require both countries to jointly
address (i.e. terrorism, climate change and nuclear crisis).
Through the discussion above, it is likely
to be true that the cooperation frameworks play a fundamental role in promoting
U.S.-China relations in this modern world. In terms of economic and political
cooperation, both countries share similar benefits that require them to accelerate
the existing bilateral strategies and introduce new long-term mechanisms. In
terms of international responsibilities and global threats, the respects on
international laws and the address of international issues are necessary for the
United States and China and this may help reduce conflicts between them. In conclusion, it
should be clear that while the globalization promotes cooperation between the
US and China, it, to a great extent, reduces the likelihood of military
confrontation between them. However, it is not absolutely sure that the two
countries will continue this positive trend in the future. Therefore, it is
recommended that the two countries should work closely to bring mutual benefits
for their peoples and nations as well as to avoid conflicts.
Armstrong, D., Farrell,T., & Lambert, H. (2012). International
Law and International Relations. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Daojiong, Z. (2017). China-US Relations Under Trump:
More Continuity Than Change. Asian Perspective, 41, 701-715.
Garrett, B. (2006). US-China Relations in the Era of Globalisation and
Terror. Journal of Contemporary China, 15(48), 389-415.
Mastanduno, M. (2007). Rivals or Partners? Globalisation and US-China
Relations. Harvard International Review, 29(3), 43-48.
Womack, B. (2016). Asymmetric parity: US-China relations in a multinodal
world. International Affairs, 92(6), 1463-1480.