Introduction: improve efficiency and decrease the effects on human

Introduction:

                Mosquitoes are the most
important problems in urban, sub-urban and rural environment. Mosquitoes
are the main carriers of dengue, malaria and several other diseases that causes
lot of problems even also leads to death. The death rate is continued to be
higher in each and every year due to dengue and malaria. Nearly 700 million people get a
mosquito borne illness each year resulting in greater than one million deaths. Controlling such diseases is extremely
difficult because of the high rate of reproduction and development of mosquitoes
that are resistance to insecticides and commercially available repellents.

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Some of the ways to prevent these are cleaning the environment and
using insect repellence that totally wrecked the fatal defense of mosquitoes. Although
chemical control provides quick mortality, resistance of mosquito against the
use of insecticides. Commercially
available mosquitos repellents are mainly consisting of pyrethroids, DEET like synthetic
compounds, which may leads to hyper excitation
of nervous systems, prolong uses result in corneal damage, liver damage, asthma
and several other problems. A lot of researches are going on to improve
efficiency and  decrease the effects on
human health. But the deadly and harmful effects of modern insect repellents
used in houses have not yet drawn the attention of many scientists.  The need for the development of the most
effective mosquito repellent should be taken into consideration due to the
toxicity problems, together with the enhanced incidence of mosquito resistance.

In the modern civilization, we are forgetting all
the natural resources which are easily available for human purposes and one of
that are the cattle dung. Dung’s are placing a major role since time immemorial
and it is considered as a third important services rendered by animals. Dung is
utilized as a biofertilizer, cheap fuel, paper production and insect repellent.
The later is to be focused very seriously in the modern era.

Elephant dung, a cheapest source which can be used
for many purposes such as paper production, fuel source, biofertilizer and
insect repellents. The evidence for the preparation of mosquito repellent is
not yet drawn by any scientists. This is the why we came up to one decision to
prepare elephant dung based herbal mosquito repellent which
is completely free from chemicals. We
have prepared mosquito repellent some of the natural ingredients like flowers
of Nerium oleander, tulasi (Ocimum tenuiflorum), neem leaves (Azadirachta indica), lemon grass oil, leaves of vitex negundo and natural loban with the
elephant dung to enhance the efficiency of the mosquito repellent.

Raw
materials have been selected based on experience and practice by our
ancestors.The formulation of these mosquitoes repellent is safe, eco-friendly,
cheap, easy to use and has maximum efficiency against mosquitoes.

Objectives

Ø  To
develop the ecofriendly organic mosquito repellent by using Elephant dung and
other natural materials.

Ø  To
determine the efficiency of developed mosquito repellent.

Ø  To
distribute this ecofriendly organic mosquito repellent to the village people to
completely obstruct the mosquitoes population in and around their areas.

 

Materials:

Elephas maximus indicus Dung

 

Azadirachta indicaNerium oleanderOcimum tenuiflorumVitex
negundoLemon
Grass oilBenzoin powder

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