Spina don’t form properly around part of the baby’s

Spina Bifida

History of Spina Bifida:

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Spina Bifida has been here as long as man walked this earth. Spina Bifida
was founded by Professor Nicholas Tulp. Spina Bifida got its name from Professor
Nicholas Tulp. It is estimated that Spina Bifida took place 12,000 years ago.

 

What is Spina Bifida?

A neural tube defect is a type of birth defect called
Spina Bifida. Spina Bifida occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) don’t
form properly around part of the baby’s spinal cord. There are three types of
Spina Bifida one is mild the other is severe and the other is more severe.

Mild Form          

The mild form is the most
frequent form of Spina Bifida is. It doesn’t usually cause problems nor need
treatment. You can’t see the flaw but some people may have a dimple, birthmark,
or hairy patch on their back. Most people with the defect don’t know they have
Spina Bifida until they get a x-ray for something else

More Severe

The more severe form of Spina Bifida is called meningocele. Meningocele
is when the fluid leaks out of the
spine and pushes against the skin.
A sign of Meningocele is seeing a bulge in the skin. In lots of cases, there
are no other symptoms of Meningocele.

Most Severe Form

The most rare and severe form of Spina Bifida is called myelomeningocele .
Piece of the spinal nerves pushes out of the spinal canal, and the nerves are frequently
injured. A bulge in the skin is a symptom. In some newborn babies, the skin is wide
open and the nerves are shown.

What causes
Spina Bifida?

The
exact origin of Spina Bifida isn’t known. Scientist believes that the genes and
the environment are part of the origin. An example, women who have a child with
Spina Bifida are more likely to have another child with the same disease. Women
who are overweight  or who have diabetes are
also more likely to have a child with Spina Bifida.

 

 

Symptoms of Spina Bifida

No feeling in most
parts of body (legs, feet, or arms) so children may not be able to move
those parts of the body.
Bladder or
inside problems, such as leaking pee or having a hard time passing stools.
Liquid buildup in
the brain (hydrocephalus).
Can be treated but can still lead to learning problems, seizures,
or vision problems.
Scoliosis
(a curve in their spine)

Treatment

Lots of children
with the mild form of Spina Bifida don’t need treatment. Children with
meningocele (more severe Spina Bifida) don’t need treatment sometimes too. But
children with the most severe form (myelomeningocele)
usually need treatment.
Sometimes surgery to correct rare Spina Bifida can be performed before the baby
is even born.

A child who has hydrocephalus (fluid buildup in the brain) will need surgery.  Doctors put in an extract tube called a shunt.
It minimizes pressure on the brain by moving
excess fluid into the belly. This keeps the lump from causing more harm to the brain.

Prevention

Women who are pregnant can prevent Spina Bifida. Some
ways are the following:

Don’t drink alcohol while you are pregnant. Alcohol may
affect your baby’s
health.
Some medicine can cause birth defects
so make sure to talk to your doctor before hand
Stay away from having a
hot body in the first weeks of pregnancy. Do not use go in a steam room,
hot tub, or sauna. Treat a high
fever right away. The heat could raise your baby’s
risk for Spina Bifida.

Why should we be concerned
about it?

We
should be concerned about Spina Bifida because the average life span for an
individual with the condition is 30-40 years, with renal failure
as the most typical cause of death. 80% – 90%
of children with Spina Bifida will also develop
hydrocephalus. The substance that shields the brain and spinal cord is called cerebral
spinal fluid. When a child has hydrocephalus, cerebral spinal fluid
is not able to move freely and will later on build up inside the head causing force
inside the brain.

What steps are societies
taking in order to cope with new challenges in this condition in childhood?

Firstly, good routines are something that is encouraged
from family members who have a child with Spina Bifida. There are many steps you can use
support your child with Spina Bifida.  Have
doctor appointments regularly. Help your child be energetic, and encourage him/her
to be as independent as possible. Motivate your kid to drink plenty of water
and eat foods high in fiber,
such as whole grains and fruits. Fiber helps prevent
constipation. Check your kid’s
skin all the time. Children who have little to no feeling in
their legs and feet may get hurt and not know it. And that could lead to an
infection. See an optometrist often;
kids with Spina Bifida often have weak eye muscles.
Talk to school teachers and principals before your kid enters elementary school.
Lots of schools have programs for people ages 3 through 21 with special needs.

 

 

Bibliography

“Spina Bifida – Topic Overview.” WebMD, WebMD, www.webmd.com/parenting/baby/tc/spina-
bifida-topic-overview.

“Spina
bifida.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo
Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 29 Dec. 2017, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/spina-bifida/symptoms-causes/syc-20377860.

Nordqvist, Christian. “Spina bifida: Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and
treatment.” Medical News Today,
MediLexicon International, 18 Oct. 2017, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/220424.php.

“Spina Bifida.” Edited by Joseph H. Piatt Jr., KidsHealth, The Nemours Foundation,
Oct. 2016, kidshealth.org/en/parents/spina-bifida.html.

 

 

 

 

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